Home > Kenya > Seasonal pattern of pneumonia mortality among children in Nairobi’s informal settlements

Seasonal pattern of pneumonia mortality among children in Nairobi’s informal settlements

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Nov;81(5):770-5.

Seasonal pattern of pneumonia mortality among under-five children in Nairobi’s informal settlements.

Ye Y, Zulu E, Mutisya M, Orindi B, Emina J, Kyobutungi C. African Population and Health Research CenterAPHRC, Nairobi, Kenya. yyazoume@aphrc.org

Using longitudinal data from the Nairobi Urban and Demographic Surveillance System (NUHDSS), we examined the seasonal pattern of pneumonia mortality among under-five children living in Nairobi’s slums. We included 17,787 under-five children resident in the NUHDSS from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2005 in the analysis. Four hundred thirty-six deaths were observed and cause of death was ascertained by verbal autopsy for 377 of these deaths. Using Poisson regression, we modeled the quarterly mortality risk for pneumonia. The overall person-years (PYs) were 21,804 giving a mortality rate of 20.1 per 1,000 PYs in the study population.

Pneumonia was the leading cause of death contributing 25.7% of the total deaths. Pneumonia mortality was highest in the second quarter (risk ratio [RR] = 2.3, confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-4.2 compared with the fourth quarter). The study provides evidence that pneumonia-related mortality among under-fives in Nairobi’s slums is higher from April to June corresponding to the rainy season and the beginning of the cold season.

Advertisements
Categories: Kenya Tags:
  1. No comments yet.
  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: