Pakistan – Deforestation increases capital’s temperature
ISLAMABAD: Deforestation is the main cause of rising temperature in the Capital.
Deforestation at a fast pace has eroded the old cliche that it would rain in the Capital after some hot days. The average temperature during these days of year is around 40 Degree Celsius, which is five to six degrees more than the normal.
An official of the Capital Development Authority (CDA) told this news agency that they were committed to conservation of forests.
He said the government had set a target of increasing the forest cover by 5.6 percent in the current year and 6 percent by 2015 in the Mid-Term Development Framework.
Deforestation is the main cause of extraordinary change in temperatures in Pakistan and elsewhere. The continuing loss of forests in Asia is a result of many elements.
A combination of mismanagement and corruption, economic development, and an ever-widening gap between classes continue to cause deforestation across the continent.
Tree plantation is not an activity reserved only for the environmentally conscious West. It is a sustainable and easy way to improve environment, whether we are living in the United States or Pakistan. Deforestation and desertification are just some of Pakistan’s environmental problems, according to the latest edition of the CIA World Fact Book.
EPA did a wonderful job when it was headed by incumbent President Asif Ali Zardari. The then administration of the agency chalked out a comprehensive plan to increase tree plantation in the country and cooperation of various financial institutions was sought for the purpose.
EPA also undertook tree plantation of Islamabad-Murree Highway at that time, which added to the beauty of Potohar plateau and greatly reduced average temperature.
Trees help recharge ground water and sustain flow of streams. Trees have a positive impact on the incidence of asthma, skin cancer and stress-related illness by filtering polluted air, reducing smog formation, shading out solar radiation and by providing an attractive and calm setting for recreation.
Trees strengthen neighbourhood communities by providing people with an opportunity to work together for the benefit of the local environment.
Trees play a vital role in the urban ecosystem, by helping to support a great variety of wildlife, which people can enjoy close to home.