A Compendium on Health of Urban Poor in South East Asia
A Compendium on Health of Urban Poor in South East Asia: Abstracts of Select Papers and Reports, 2010.
Urban Health Resource Center, New Delhi.
This report analyzes health and living conditions in eight large Indian cities (Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Indore, Kolkata, Meerut, Mumbai, and Nagpur). The study examines the living environment, socioeconomic characteristics of households and the population, children’s living arrangements, children’s work, the health and nutrition of children and adults, fertility and family planning, utilization of maternal health services, knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitudes of adults toward schools providing family life education for children, and other important aspects of urban life for the eight cities by slum/non-slum residence and for the urban poor.
The analysis shows that more than half of the population in Mumbai lives in slums, whereas the slum population varies widely in the other seven cities. The analysis finds that a substantial proportion of the poor population does not live in slums and that a substantial proportion of slum dwellers are not poor (that is, they do not fall into the bottom quartile on the NFHS-3 wealth index). In some cities, the poor are mostly concentrated in slum areas, whereas the reverse is true in other cities.